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Connecticut Compromise

Roger Sherman addressed the nettlesome issues of representation and slavery by offering what came to be known as the Connecticut Compromise (or Great Compromise). It provided:

  • The upper house (Senate) would have equal representation and be elected by the lower house
  • The lower house (House of Representatives) would be subject to proportional representation
  • The 2871:Three-Fifths Compromise]: For purposes of determining the number of representatives in the House, every five slaves would be counted as three. (This did not confer the vote on slaves; it was simply a formula for determining representation in the House of Representatives.) Final wording in the Constitution referred to “all other persons” and the words slave and slavery do not appear; this same population computation would also be used for determining taxation.
  • All proposed legislation having to do with raising money would originate in the House of Representatives.